Preamble of The Constitution of India
We, The People of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic, and to secure to all its citizens:
Justice – social, economic and political;
Liberty – of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
Equality of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
In Our Constituent Assembly this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do Hereby Adopt Enact and Give to Ourselves This Constitution.
The constitution declares India a
sovereign( the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies),
justice ( is the principle that people receive that which they deserve, with the interpretation of constitution), -Social, Economic and political
equality (is the principle that each independent being must be treated equally by the law) –Of Status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all;
liberty (is the ability to do as one pleases) , and endeavours to promote –Of Thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
fraternity (brotherhood)- Assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation.
- The Constitution of India is written and world’s lengthiest constitution.
- It had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules at the time of commencement.
- Now There are 448 articles in 25 parts and 12 schedules in the Constitution of India.
- It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and became effective on 26 January 1950
The Words Secular, Socialist and Integrity were Inserted in Preamble by 42nd Constitutional Amendment :
Objectives of The Preamble
- It indicates the Source of the constitution.- People of India since it was prepared by House of Representation.
- Type of Government and polity to be established.– Sovereign, Democratic (To the people, for the people and by the people) and Secular.
- It secures the rights of justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity to every citizen
Important Cases relating to Preamble
1. In Re Berubari Union Case (1960) SC 845
It is held that the Preamble was not a part of the constitution and therefore it could never be regarded as a source of any substantive powers.
2. In Keshvanand Bharti vs State of Kerela ( 1973) SC 1461
It is held that Preamble is the part of the Constitution. The Preamble of our Constitution is of extreme importance and the Constitution should be read and interpreted in the light of the grand and Nobel vision expressed in the Preamble. Preamble can be amended without the changes basic structure of the constitution.
3. S.R. Bommai Vs Union of India (1994) 3 SCC 1
It is held that Secularism is the basic structure of the constitution.
4. In Aruna Roy Vs Union of India AIR 2002 SC 3176
It is held that Secularism has a positive meaning to develop understanding and respect towards different religions.
5. In Excel Wear Vs Union of India AIR (1979) SC 25
I is held about Balance between socialism and Private ownership
6. D.S. Nakara Vs Union of India (1983)
It is held that The SC Basic purpose of Socialism to provide decent standard of life and social security to people.