Extortion (383-389 IPC) – Chapter- 17 of IPC Offences against property

Extortion (383-389 IPC)

Of theft

Of Extortion

Section – 383. Extortion.Whoever dishonestly induces to any other person to deliver any property or valuable security or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security by intentionally putting in fear of any injury to him or to any other, he commits the offence of “extortion”.

*It is of his life or others, not immediate time has been given. If immediate then it is robbery.

*It may be for both property movable & immovable.

Illustrations

  • A threatens to publish a defamatory libel concerning Z unless Z gives him money. He thus induces Z to give him money. A has committed extortion.
  • A threatens Z that he will keep Z’s child in wrongful confinement, unless Z will sign and deliver to A a promissory note binding Z to pay certain monies to A. Z sings and delivers the note. A has committed extortion.
  • A threatens to send club-men to plough up Z’s field unless Z will sign and deliver to B a bond binding Z under a penalty to deliver certain produce to B, and thereby induces Z to sign and deliver the bond. A has committed extortion.
  • A, by putting Z in fear of grievous hurt, dishonestly induces Z to sign or affix his seal to a blank paper and deliver it to A. Z sings and delivers the paper to A. Here, as the paper so signed may be converted into a valuable security. A has committed extortion.

Section – 384. Punishment for extortion.—Whoever commits extortion shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine or with both.( 3yrs. / fine/ both)

Section – 385. Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion.Whoever puts any person in fear of any injury or attempts to put any person in fear of injury in order to the committing of extortion shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine or with both. ( 2yrs. / fine/ both)

Section – 386. Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt.Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of death or of grievous hurt to that person or to any other shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years and fine.( 10yrs. + fine)

Section – 387. Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion.Whoever puts or attempts to put any person in fear of death or of grievous hurt to that person or to any other in order to the committing of extortion shall be punished with imprisonment for   a term which may extend to seven years and fine.( 7yrs. + fine)

Section – 388. Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc.Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of an accusation against that person or any other of having committed or attempted to commit any offence punishable with death or with imprisonment for life or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years or of having attempted to induce any other person to commit such offence shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years and fine; and if the offence is punishable under section 377 of this Code, may be punished with imprisonment for life.

Section – 389. Putting person in fear or accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion.Whoever puts or attempts to put any person in fear of an accusation against that person or any other of having committed or attempted to commit an offence punishable with death or with imprisonment for life or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years and fine; and if the offence is punishable under section 377 of this Code in order to the committing of extortion may be punished with imprisonment for life.

Extortion (383-389 IPC)

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