Indian Penal Code – Punishment( Imprisonment for Life)

Indian Penal Code ( Sec. 1 -Sec. 5)

Chapter -2 General Explanations

Of Punishment (Sec. 53 – 75)

Chapter -3 Of Punishment (Imprisonment for Life)

Imprisonment for Life

Imprisonment for life is now substituted for transportation. “Imprisonment for Life”

means “ rigorous imprisonment for life” and not simple imprisonment for life. (Laxman Naskar v State of WB, 2000 CrLJ 4017)

It can be given as punishment in following offences:-

  • (Sec. 121). “Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the Government of India.”
  • (Sec. 121A). “Conspiracy to commit offences punishable by section 121.”
  • (Sec. 122). “Collecting arms, etc., with intention of waging war against the Government of India.”
  • (Sec. 124A). “Sedition.”
  • (Sec. 125). “Waging war against any Asiatic power in alliance with the Government of India.”
  • (Sec. 128). “Public servant voluntarily allowing prisoner of State or war to escape.”
  • (Sec. 130). “Aiding escape of, rescuing or harbouring such prisoner.”
  • (Sec. 131). “Abetting mutiny, or attempting to seduce a soldier, sailor or airman from his duty.”
  • (Sec. 132). “Abetment of mutiny, if mutiny is committed in consequence thereof.”
  • (Sec. 194). “Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital offence. if innocent person be thereby convicted and executed.”
  • (Sec. 195). “Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment.”
  • (Sec. 195A). “Threatening any person to give false evidence.”
  • (Sec. 222). “Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend person under sentence or lawfully committed.”
  • (Sec. 225). “Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person.”
  • (Sec. 232). “Counterfeiting Indian coin.”
  • (Sec. 238). “Import or export of counterfeits of the Indian coin.”
  • (Sec. 255). “Counterfeiting Government stamp.”
  • (Sec. 302). “Punishment for murder.”
  • (Sec. 304). “Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder.”
  • (Sec. 305). “Abetment of suicide of child or insane person.”
  • (Sec. 307). “Attempt to murder. Attempts by life-convicts.”
  • (Sec. 311). “Thug  Punishment.”
  • (Sec. 313). “Causing miscarriage without woman’s consent.”
  • (Sec. 314). “Death caused by act done with intent to cause miscarriage. if act done without woman’s consent.”
  • (Sec. 326). “Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means.”
  • (Sec. 329). “Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act.”
  • (Sec. 364). “Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder.”
  • (Sec. 364A. “Kidnapping for ransom, etc.”
  • ( Sec. 371). “Habitual dealing in slaves.”
  • (Sec. 376). “Punishment for rape.”
  • (Sec. 376A). “Punishment for causing death or resulting in persistent vegetative state of victim.”
  • (Sec. 376D). “Gang rape”
  • (Sec. 376DA). “Punishment for gang rape on woman under sixteen years of age.”
  • (Sec. 376DB). “Punishment for gang rape on woman under twelve years of age. “
  • (Sec. 376E). “Punishment for repeat offenders.”
  • (Sec. 377). “Unnatural offences.”
  • (Sec. 388). “Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc.”
  • (Sec. 389). “Putting person in fear of accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion.”
  • (Sec. 394). “Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery.”
  • (Sec. 396). “Dacoity with murder.”
  • (Sec. 400). “Punishment for belonging to gang of dacoits.”
  • (Sec. 409). “Criminal breach of trust by public, servant. or by banker, merchant or agent.”
  • (Sec. 412). “Dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity.”
  • (Sec. 433). “Mischief by destroying, moving or rendering less useful a light-house or sea-mark.”
  • (Sec. 436). “Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy house, etc.”
  • (Sec. 437). “Mischief with intent to destroy or make unsafe a decked vessel or one of twenty tons burden.”
  • (Sec. 449). “House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with death.”
  • (Sec. 459). “Grievous hurt caused whilst committing lurking house-trespass or house-breaking.”
  • (Sec. 460). “All persons jointly concerned in lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night punishable where death or grievous hurt caused by one of them.”
  • (Sec. 467). “Forgery of valuable security, will, etc.”
  • (Sec. 472). “Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable under section 467.”
  • (Sec. 474). “Having possession of document described in section 466 or 467, knowing it to be forged and intending to use it as genuine.”
  • (Sec. 475). “Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material.”
  • (Sec. 477). “Fraudulent cancellation, destruction, etc., of will, authority to adopt, or valuable security.”
  • (Sec. 511). “Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment.”

Meaning of Imprisonment for Life

Gopal vinayak Gdose v State AIR 1961, SC 600 It is held that imprisonment for life, which shall mean imprisonment for the remainder of that person’s natural life.

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