– Article 51 of the Charter makes provisions regarding self-defense.
The Charter recognizes as an inherent right of the State the right of self-defense. This means that It arises from natural law rather than international law. But this right should be exercised strictly in accordance with the provisions of the Charter.
A state gets the right to act in self-defense only when it has been attacked by armed forces.
Article 51, inter alia, provides that “if any member of the United Nations is subjected to an armed attack.”
In matters relating to military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua, the International Court of Justice ruled that “armed aggression must not only refer to action by permanent armed forces across the international border, but also by state armed groups, groups, temporary or The sending of mercenaries or actions taken on their behalf by armed forces against another state with such seriousness as to be, or their involvement in, actual armed attacks by permanent forces. “
Measures taken by states in the exercise of authority in self-defense should be immediately reported to the Security Council. It is an obligation imposed by Article 51 on the State, which exercises the right of self-defense.
Article 51 also provides that it must cease when the Security Council takes up the act of abolishing it. If the Security Council fails to take any action, that right of self-defense must cease when its purpose, that is, to prevent an armed attack, is served.
Status of Supervisor and Permanent Supervisor – States that are not members of the United Nations may participate in the discussions of the General Assembly without a vote when they have been granted ‘observer status’.
When a state holding the status of an observer is granted the right to participate in all future meetings of the General Assembly, it is called a ‘permanent observer’.