Status of Supervisor and Permanent Supervisor – States that are not members of the United Nations may participate in the discussions of the General Assembly without a vote when they have been granted ‘observer status’.
When a state holding the status of an observer is granted the right to participate in all future meetings of the General Assembly, it is called a ‘permanent observer’.
In accordance with the practice of the United Nations, the Permanent Observers and the members of their missions can participate in open sessions of the General Assembly, their principal committees and other bodies of the United Nations.
They can distribute documents and materials issued by their governments, receive documents from UN bodies that are published by the UN Secretariat and enjoy other rights and privileges.
At present, the legal status of Permanent Observer is clarified by their representation Convention -1975 in relation to States with international organizations of a public nature.
Provisions with respect to the establishment and size of missions, the personal immunity of mission members and their families, freedom of operation, the constitution and size of representatives, the obligations of the host states and the sending state, the entry and transit of observer representatives has been done.
Currently, Switzerland, the Vatican City and the Philestine Liberation Organization have their permanent observer missions at the United Nations. The International Red Cross Committee was also granted observer status in 1990.
Status of Supervisor and Permanent Supervisor
– Article 51 of the Charter makes provisions regarding self-defense.
The Charter recognizes as an inherent right of the State the right of self-defense. This means that It arises from natural law rather than international law. But this right should be exercised strictly in accordance with the provisions of the Charter.